Supreme Courts (Highest Instance)
Aticle 134 of the Constitution: The Supreme People's Court is the highest judicial organ of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam
The Court supervises and directs the judicial work of local People's Court and Military Tribunals
Article 127 of the Constitution: The Supreme People's Court, the local People's Courts, the Military Tribunals and the other tribunals established by law are the judicial organs of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
Under special circumstances, the National Assembly may decide to set up a Special Tribunal.
Article 21 Law on the Organization of the People's Courts: The Council of Judges of the Supreme People's Court is composed of the chief judge and deputy-chief judges
of the Supreme People's Court and a number of judges of the Supreme People's Court, decided by the National Assembly Standing
Committee at the proposal of the chief judge of the Supreme People's Court.
The total number of members of the Council of Judges of the Supreme People?s Court shall not exceed seventeen
Supreme People's Court
First Instance Courts
Article 28 Law on the Organization of the People's Courts: The People's Courts of the provinces and centrally-run cities shall have the competence:
1. To conduct first-instance trials of cases according to the provisions of the procedural law
2. To conduct appellate trials of cases where the first-instance judgements and/or rulings of lower courts have not yet taken legal effect but have been appealed and/or protested against according to the provisions of the procedural law;
3. To supervise, review cases where judgements and/or rulings of lower courts have already taken legal effect but been protested against according to the provisions of the procedural law;
4. To settle other matters as provided for by law.
Artcle 29 : The total number of members of the Committee of Judge of the provincial/municipal People?s Court shall not exceed nine persons.
Article 32: he People's Court of a rural district, an urban district, a provincial capital or a provincial city shall have a chief judge, one or two deputy-chief judges, judges, people?s jurors, court clerks.
The People?s Courts of rural districts, urban districts, provincial capitals or provincial cities are competent to conduct first-instance trials of cases as provided for by the procedural law.
Provincial Courts of Vietnam
Ba Dinh District People's Court
Bac Ninh Province People's Court
Binh Dinh Province People's court
Binh Duong Province People's Court
Binh Phuoc Province People's Court
Binh Thuan province People's Court
Ca Mau province People's Court
Can Tho city People's Court
Dak Nong Province People's Court
Dak Song district People's Court
Dong Anh District People's Court
Dong Da Distrct People's Court
Dong Nai provincial People's Court
Ha Tay province People's Court
Hanoi People's Court
Hau Giang Provincial People's Court
Ho Chi Min City People's Court
Hue Provincel People's Court
Hung Yen Province people's Court
Huong Khe district People's Court
Kien Giang province People's Court
Lam Dong Province People's Court
Lao Cai province People's Court
Local People's Court
Phu Tho province People's Court
Quang Nam province People's Court
Shandong Province People's Court
Tay Ninh province People's Court
Tien Giang province People's Court
Vung Tau province People's Court
Yen Bai province People's Court
Supreme People's Procuracy