Supreme Courts (Highest Instance)
The Supreme Court is made up of the Court of Appeal and the High Court, and hears both civil and criminal matters.
The Supreme Court Bench consists of the Chief Justice, the Judges of Appeal, Judges and the Judicial Commissioners
of the Supreme Court.
The Court of Appeal hears appeals against the decisions of High Court Judges in both civil and criminal matters.
It became Singapore's final court of appeal on 8 April 1994, when appeals to the Judicial Committee of the Privy
Council were abolished. The Court of Appeal is usually made up of three Judges. However, certain appeals,
including those against interlocutory orders, may be heard by only two Judges. If necessary, the Court of Appeal
may comprise five or any greater uneven number of Judges.
The High Court hears both criminal and civil cases as a court of first instance. The High Court also hears appeals
from the decisions of District Courts and Magistrate's Courts in civil and criminal cases, and decides points of
law reserved in special cases submitted by a District Court or a Magistrate's Court. In addition, the High Court
has general supervisory and revisionary jurisdiction over all subordinate courts in any civil or criminal matter.
The High Court consists of the Chief Justice and the Judges of the High Court.
Supreme Court of Singapore
First Instance Courts
Subordinate Courts of Singapore
Civil Justice Division
Criminal Justice Division
Family Court of Singapore
Minor Courts Justices of the Peace
Small Claims Tribunals ( Subordinate Courts of Singapore)
Jurisprudence (Case Law)
Judgments by the Subordinate Courts
Judgments by the Supreme Court