COURTS AND CASES ECUADOR

Administrative Courts (First Instance) / Administrative Supreme Court / Appellate Courts / Constitutional Court / Court of Audit / First Instance Courts / Judiciary (general) / Jurisprudence (Case Law) / Labor Courts / Minor Courts Justices of the Peace / Other Courts / Supreme Courts (Highest Instance) / Judicial Map

Constitutional Court

Trubunal Constitutional

The Constitutional court is the guardian of the Constitution. The Court interprets and monitors compliance with the constitution of laws and processes in the Ecuador territory. The Court is located in Quito and consists of 11 judges, serving a 2 year period. The judges are appointed by the congress of which 8 of them are selected from a list submitted by the president, the Supreme court , mayors, labor unions and provincial perfects

Tribunal Constitucional

Supreme Courts (Highest Instance)

Corte Suprema

The Supreme Court is the highest judicial instance in Ecuador and trials on appeals from the lower courts. The court consists of 16 judges, appointed by the Congress. The Court has the power to intitiate and reform law (in compliance with the Constitution). The same judicial power is given to the Supreme Tax Court and the Supreme Administrative Court the courts

Corte Nacional de Justicia del Ecuador

Appellate Courts

Corte Provincial de Azuay (Cuenca)
Corte Provincial de Bolivar
Corte Provincial de Carchi
Corte Provincial de Chimborazo
Corte Provincial de Guayas
Corte Provincial de Imbabura (Ibarra)
Corte Provincial de Loja
Corte Provincial de Los Ríos
Corte Provincial de Manabí
Corte Provincial de Pichincha (Quito)
Corte Provincial de Sucumbios
Corte Provincial de Tungurahua
Corte Provincial de Zamora
Corte provincial de Cotopaxi

First Instance Courts

The Cantonal courts decide in civil cases where the amount involved is between 200 and 8,000 sucres and are second instance courts for verdicts from the parish courts.

Cantonal Courts
Juzgado de Civil San Miguel de los Bancos (Pinchincha)
Juzgado de Civil de Antonio Ante (Imbabura)
Juzgado de Civil de Cayambe (Pinchincha)
Juzgado de Civil de Cotacachi (Imbabura)
Juzgado de Civil de Giron (Azuay)
Juzgado de Civil de Mejia (Pinchincha)
Juzgado de Civil de Nabon (Azuay)
Juzgado de Civil de Ona (Azuay)
Juzgado de Civil de Paute (Azuay)
Juzgado de Civil de Pimampiro (Imbabura)
Juzgado de Civil de Ruminahui (Pinchincha)
Juzgado de Civil de San Fernando (Azuay)
Juzgado de Civil de Santa Isabel (Azuay)
Juzgado de Civil de Sigsig (Azuay)
Juzgado de Lo Penal Ruminahui (Pinchincha)
Juzgado de Lo Penal de Cayambe (Pinchincha)
Juzgado de la Civil Pedro Moncayo (Pinchincha)
Juzgado de la Civil Pedro Vicente Maldonado (Pinchincha)
Juzgado de la Ninez y Adolescencia Cuenca (Azuay)
Juzgado de la Ninez y Adolescencia Ibarra (Imbabura)
Juzgado de la Ninez y Adolescencia Meija (Pinchincha)
Juzgado de la Ninez y Adolescencia Quito (Pinchincha)
Juzgados de Civil de Cuenca (Azuay)
Juzgados de Civil de Gualaceo (Azuay)
Juzgados de Civil de Ibarra (Imbabura)
Juzgados de Civil de Lago Agrio (Sucumbios)
Juzgados de Civil de Latacunga (Cotpaxi)
Juzgados de Civil de Otavalo (Imbabura)
Juzgados de Civil de Quito (Pinchincha)
Juzgados de Civil de Zamora (Zamora)
Juzgados de Lo Penal Quito (Pinchincha)
Juzgados de Lo Penal de Ibarra (Imbabura)
Juzgados de Lo Penal de Lago Agrio (Sucumbios)
Juzgados de Lo Penal de Latacunga (Cotpaxi)
Juzgados de Lo Penal de Otavalo (Imbabura)
Juzgados de Lo Penal de Zamora (Zamora)

Minor Courts Justices of the Peace

The Parish (parroquia) judges try minor civil matters and misedemeanors. Verdicts from the parish courts are subject to review by the cantonal courts.

Parish Courts

Administrative Supreme Court

The Supreme Administrative Court primarily handles all cases arising from public administrative disputes. Like the Supreme Court and the Supreme Tax Court, the Court has the power to initiate law.

Contentious Administrative Tribunal (TCA)

Administrative Courts (First Instance)

Tribunal de lo Contencioso Administrativo Cuenca (Azuay)
Tribunal de lo Contencioso Administrativo Ibarra (Imbabura)
Tribunal de lo Contencioso Administrativo Quito (Pichincha)

Court of Audit

Contraloría General del Estado

Labor Courts

Juzgado de Trabajo Cotopaxi
Juzgado de Trabajo Cuenca (Azuay)
Juzgado de Trabajo Ibarra (Imbabura)
Juzgado de Trabajo Quito (Pichincha)
Juzgado de Trabajo Sucumbios

Other Courts

Tribunal Contencioso Electoral
Tribunal Fiscal de la República

Jurisprudence (Case Law)

Colex
Juriosprudencia de Tribunal Constitutional
Jurisprudencia (Derecho Ecuador)

Judiciary (general)

Consejo Nacional de la Judicatura
Defensor del Pueblo
Procuraduría General del Estado

© Copyright 1996-2011 Lexadin
Document Created at August 20, 1996
Last Update april 09 2011